Kids learn about their world through their senses, especially vision. How can you be sure your child’s eyes are as good as they can possibly be?
“Your child’s primary care practitioner should include a simple visual exam with every well-child visit,” reports Edwin Wortham, MD, a pediatric ophthalmologist in Richmond. “He or she will examine the eyes, checking for movement, reflexes and retinal health. If there’s anything unusual, your child will be referred to a pediatric ophthalmologist, a specialist in children’s eye care.”
Wortham says some of the warning signs of visual problems in children may include:
0-6 months of age:
• Eyes that are different sizes.
• The child doesn’t blink to light.
• Abnormal-looking pupil (red reflex).
Trouble tracking a moving object
after 3 months of age.
• Crossed eyes.
• Persistent tearing or discharge.
• Failed vision screening.
42 months to 5 years:
• Can’t read a majority of the 20/40 line on a vision test with either eye.
5 years and older:
• Can’t read a majority of the 20/30 line on a vision test with either eye.
If you notice anything about your child’s eyes that alarms you, contact your primary care practitioner for further help.
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Any diagnosis, treatment or care of a patient should be discussed with a physician.